Terrorism on European soil: A Quantitative Perspective.

What is the role played by Islamists or Jihadists?
Following is the presentation of statistics on Terrorism attacks on European Soil compiled by Europol, which is a European Union analogue of Interpol. Most of the debates on role of religion in terrorism are informed by prejudices, propaganda, spin, and vested interests; rarely, if they at all do, facts enter the discourse. This is an attempt to correct that. After presenting the statistics, at the end a link is provided to a post that has looked at the Europol report in some depth.
1.      The numbers of all attacks including those attributed to Islamists since 2007 have shown a declining trend, and so have number of arrests. (See tables 1 & 2).
2.     Out of the 294 attacks in 2009 only 1 (0.34% of total) and out of 515 attacks in 2008 none (0% of total) were attributed to Islamists. (See tables 3 & 4)
3.     While there was only 1 (0.34% of total) attack attributed to Islamists in 2009 and None in 2008; the number of Islamists arrested were 110 (18.7% of total) and 187 (18.5% of total) respectively in the 2 years. (See tables 5 & 6)
4.     Total verdicts (both convictions and acquittals) delivered for Islamists in 2009 & 2008 were 89 (21.8% of total) and 190 (49% of total). (See tables 7 & 8). Please see the original reports for breakdown of convictions and acquittals.
The arrests are disproportionately high when compared to the attacks in case 0f Islamists. That shows an embedded bias at the investigations stage. The verdicts could not be compared meaningfully with other figures because it is not clear how many cases pertained to the period before 2008.
Europol is an organization created by European Union: “Europol is coordinating an effective response to international serious crime and terrorism in Europe“;. Europol’s mandate is pretty wide: <Europol’s crime-fighting capabilities are used to tackle drug trafficking, illicit immigration, people trafficking, cybercrime, money laundering, forgery of money and other serious crimes>. It thus covers all angles that come into play -illicit businesses, money laundering, trafficking- when networks carrying out serious crimes or terror attacks are involved. Europol has been publishing for past several years comprehensive statistics on terrorism events –failed, foiled, or successful- on European soil. The link to the statistical base is here.
The tables from reports of 2010 and 2009 covering the years 2009 & 2008 are used below.

The numbers of attacks since 2007 have shown a declining trend, and so have number of arrests.

 Out of the 294 attacks in 2009 only 1 (0.34% of total) and out of 515 attacks in 2008 none (0% of total) were attributed to Islamist.
 
While there was only 1 (0,34% of total) attack attributed to Islamists in 2009 and None in 2008; the number of Islamists arrested were 110 (18.7% of total) and 187 (18.5% of total) respectively in the 2 years.

Total verdicts (convictions and acquittals) delivered for Islamists in 2009 & 2008 were 89 (21.8% of total) and 190 (49% of total).

 The LoonWatch.Com is a Website that tracks all “fundamentalists” irrespective of their religions, who it describes as Loonies. For more analysis of above Statistics see the link here.

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