Narendra Modi: Endorsements to Publish, Reports to Hide.

If there were an award in India for media savvy politician, then Gujarat Chief Minister, Narendra Modi, should win it handsomely. He and his media advisors know how to project every event so that maximum publicity comes his way. Especially in cyber space he has been pitchforked right into the front. He is also the darling of business magnates. How he got Tata Motors evicted from Singur to invest in Gujarat and even Suzuki Motors, who have promoted militant unionisation in Gurgaon-Manesar belt due to its aggressive labour policies, would make other chief ministers go green with envy. Gujaratis have a nurtured liking for business that courses through generations and a great acumen to sail the business trends. They have flourished at home and away without any *political guidance*. On 17 September Modi celebrated his birthday. To commemorate the occasion he pulled out two unlikely rabbits out of his media-hat. The first was Justice V R Krishna Iyer, who is the darling of left & intellectuals for many progressive judgements he gave.
The ripe old man of 98 wrote (scanned copy) and Modi approvingly quotes on his blog:
^^
Dear Narendra Modi,
I have received your letter. I hold you as a great man, a creative administrator and a humanist wonder. I am a small man have no power, 98 years old and on my way to quit. I am immensely happy with your letter and the great energy radicalism you have achieved. How I wish Indian political leadership had the same inventive or at least innovative march with one vision: to wipe every tear from every eye. Our poverty in the field of energy is a thing of the past provided solar power and wind power are utilized. I pray for your leadership of Indian welfare. May that day dawn and Gandhiji’s stand fulfilled in his vision.
Dear Modi, politics apart I will be with you for the happiness of the little Indian.
With regards,
Yours sincerely,
V.R. KRISHNA IYER

And
Dear Narendra Modi, 
After glancing through the material you had sent through courier I hold you as a part of the Indian history in its modern development odyssey. You are a super patriot and your stature is beyond any particular party. Do continue the national mission you have undertaken. Indian history of the 20th century will not be complete without an excellent reference to the majestic contribution you have made in the field of Indian Energy Unlimited. 

With regards,
Yours sincerely,
V.R. KRISHNA IYER

^^.
The beauty of Modi’d stratagem lies in the fact that he did not shun Iyer for his *left origins and bias* and reached out to a man into his twilight years that paid handsome endorsements. The second was N Vittal, an IAS officer of Gujarat cadre, who enjoyed success as the secretary to department of electronics, Government of India, and also earned reputation as Chief Vigilance Commissioner. Among the many books he wrote, he forwarded his latest, Ending Corruption? How to clean up India, to Modi. The forwarding letter says:
^^
Respected and Dear Chief Minister Hon. Shri Narendra Modi,
I enclose herewith my latest book “Ending Corruption? How to clean up India” published by Penguin Books India, this month.
You have set before our nation an excellent example of what can be achieved if absolute political integrity and commitment to good governance are combined in a leader. You have also shown how openness to new ideas and political courage to take even unpopular but sound decisions in the interest of development and good governance can work wonders.
Based on my 42 years in government I have attempted to present a new perspective and solution to the number one problem before the nation – Corruption in public life.
I shall be very grateful if in your busy schedule, you could kindly find some time to glance through my book.
Warm Regards, 
Yours Sincerely
N Vittal

^^
Modi’s two claims of providing corruption free and able administration – in short, good governance- were vindicated through these endorsements at least on his blog. It is another matter that his government had advised the Gujarat Governor to withhold the required statutory sanction for the prosecution of state fisheries minister, Purshottam Solanki, for causing loss to state exchequer of Rs. 400 crores (or 4 Billion). Just a few days ago, Gujarat High Court dismissed the appeal by Solanki against the sanction by governor. Ahead of the 2007 assembly polls, Modi had come with a anti-corruption catch phrase: Hu Khato Nahi, Khava Deto Nahi (I don’t take bribes, I don’t allow others to take bribes). It is missing from the 2012 election campaign. Gujarat since 2003 doesn’t have a Lokayukta -an office of anti-corruption watchdog, whose counterpart’s actions resulted in dethroning of another BJP strongman and chief minister in Karnataka, Yediyurappa. Modi’s attempts to see a judge of his liking in the office of Lokayukta have been frustrated so far leaving the vacancy unfulfilled. While BJP and Modi vociferously castigate UPA government over the CAG report that held colossal losses to the exchequer have been incurred in allotment of coal blocks under Man Mohan Singh’s (prime minister) watch; Modi is silent over the CAG report that held financial irregularities of over Rs. 167 billion have occurred under his own watch.
RTI activists have many stories to tell. Here is one as a sample.
^^

While Narendra Modi’s Gujarat is portrayed as a sterling example of good governance, brazen corruption in the premier housing scheme, Indira Awaas Yojana meant for those below poverty line (BPL) has not led to action against corrupt officials who have been diverting housing funds meant for the poorest of the poor to the ‘rich’ and ‘influential’ of the village, as exposed through RTI (Right to Information).
 
The Indira Awaas Yojana scheme is run by the Union rural development ministry to construct houses for people below poverty line. The financial assistance comprises Rs75,000 allotted to a woman or in the joint name of husband and wife. It is also extended to widows and war widows. It was the plight of a poor widow of Dhank village in Rajkot district that led to the corruption trail through incriminating evidence found through a series of RTI applications filed in the last two years, but the corrupt continue to be protected.
 
To protest against inaction by the state government, four villagers of Dhank in Rajkot district where the scam was exposed, Bharatbhai Ghughal, Bhanjibhai Jogel Naranbhai Varagiya and Govind Gangera are on satyagraha for the past one week in front of the Rajkot Collector’s office, to demand proper action against officers responsible for corruption in Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY). These officers, which include block development officers, assistant engineers and sarpanchs diverted funds to the rich and influential of the village for renovation of their houses. In some cases, the very same ‘rich’ and ‘influential’ people were also beneficiaries of another similar state government-run scheme, Sardar Patel Awaas Yojana (SPAY). As per rules, only villagers below poverty line can avail of one of the two schemes.
 
The endless power of citizen empowerment through RTI is reflected in this particular case, two villagers of Dhank who studied up to Std VII—Bharatbhai Ghughal and Bhanjibhai Jogel—tirelessly pursued the RTI route for two long years and blew the lid off a mega housing scam that is allegedly prevalent in most villages of Gujarat. Their frustration at corrupt officials not being punished despite incriminating evidence they exposed forcing the State Information Commission to direct vigilance commission to take action, has forced them to sit on satyagraha in front of the Rajkot Collector’s office.
 
In a press statement issued by the Mahiti Adhikar Gujarat Pahel (MAGP) which has guided these two villagers to crusade through RTI,  Ghughal and Jogel have stated that, “We are agriculture labourers. Through RTI we came to know about the scam. We have approached the vigilance commission, as well as panchayat, rural housing department but no action is being taken against the officers who were responsible for this corruption. We were threatened by village sarpanch and panchayat officials but we are fighting for the cause to change the system. It’s almost a year but government has not taken any action against the responsible officers.” The press release has appealed to citizens and activists, nationwide to contact Bhanjibhai Jogel, Bharatbhai Ghughal on 09974573036 for moral support and send emails requesting action on the corrupt to   RM Patel, Additional Chief Secretary, Panchayat and Rural Housing Dept (GOG)
secprh@gujarat.gov.in, commi-prh@gujarat.gov.in; D Rajgopalan, Chief Information Commissioner – Gujarat gscic@gujarat.gov.in ; Rajendar Kumar,  District Collector Rajkot collector-raj@gujarat.gov.in and/or N B Upadhyay, District Development Officer, ddo-raj@gujarat.gov.in.
 
Jogel and Ghughal filed RTI applications at the Gram Panchayat office in 2010 requesting names of the beneficiaries in Dhank village for the IAY and SPAY schemes for the last five years. When the sarpanch came to know of this, he along with his men beat the duo. In fact, he threatened to kill them by burning their houses in the night—a statement which he made in front of the District Development Officer (DDO) who was unmoved by it. Refusing to cow down, they took the help of Pankti Jog, a RTI activist working for MAGP which also has a whistleblowers’ helpline, based in Ahmedabad. She filed a police complaint and also ensured police protection to them.
 
When the PIO did not reply, they filed the first appeal with the first appellate authority, that is, the District Development Office of Rajkot district. During the hearing, the PIO submitted a hand-written chit with six names of beneficiaries who received allotment out of the rules. Jogel and Ghughal refused this shabby information and demanded a certified copy of the list of beneficiaries and whether they belonged to the BPL section of the society. Says Pankti Jog, “finally multiple RTI applications were filed to procure the same information and finally they received the list. The information stated that there were 65 beneficiaries in the last five years out of which 22 of them belonged to the affluent class and had received multiple benefits, meaning they received money two to three times under the two housing schemes and had renovated their houses with it.”
 
Jogel and Ghughal then analysed the sheet, re-worked it in an excel sheet format and with red marks defining irregularities. They then sent it to the Vigilance Commission for suitable action against the illegal beneficiaries. Says Pankti Jog, “The Vigilance Commission was initially slow in its action but in March 2011 directed the principal secretary of the panchayat department to conduct and inquiry and submit its report to the commission. The panchayat department sought details from the District Rural Development Authority (DRDA) by conducting investigation on ground. The two RTI applicants helped the authorities in identifying homes and the DRDA conducted a panchnama and collected testimonials which proved that 22 affluent households had indeed siphoned the money meant for the poorest of the poor.
 
Manu Moudgil, who has done a case study on this issue states that the villagers bravely used the RTI after the conventional methods of procuring failed. He writes, “it was in 2010 that Gughal and Jogal observed that well-to-do people owning large properties were getting the houses meant for below poverty line persons. They, joined by four others, decided to raise the issue first through official representations. Their first step was to file a joint complaint to the Taluka (Tehsil) Development Officer (TDO) on 30 March 2010, seeking an inquiry into the matter. Getting no response from the administration, they armed themselves with knowledge about the RTI Act, which they had heard was bringing about transparency in governance.” 
 
Despite incriminating evidence found against the seven officers including the sarpanch of the village Dhank which has a population 7,000 odd, neither the Panchayat Department nor the Vigilance Commission is taking action against them. States Pankti Jog, “corruption in these housing schemes’ disbursal of money runs in crores of rupees across Gujarat but the Narendra Modi government seems hesitant to take action.” The reason why these poor villagers have had to resort to satyagraha.
 
(Vinita Deshmukh is the consulting editor of Moneylife, an RTI activist and convener of the Pune Metro Jagruti Abhiyaan. She is the recipient of prestigious awards like the Statesman Award for Rural Reporting which she won twice in 1998 and 2005 and the Chameli Devi Jain award for outstanding media person for her investigation series on Dow Chemicals. She co-authored the book “To The Last Bullet – The Inspiring Story of A Braveheart – Ashok Kamte” with Vinita Kamte. She can be reached at vinitapune@gmail.com.)

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